When referring to a website in general (ie. the homepage or default webpage that loads when you visit a web address that only contains a domain name), include the name of the website in the text and provide the URL in parentheses. No in-text citation or reference list entry is necessary.
This survey was created using Qualtrics (https://www.qualtrics.com/au/).
Only use webpage if no other reference type fits, and the work has no parent or over-reaching publication other than the website itself.
If you cite multiple webpages from a website, create a reference for each.
Author. Date. Title of page. Source.
Author: Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. OR Name of Group.
Date: (2020) OR (2020, August) OR (2020, September 23) OR (n.d.).
Title: Title of the page
Source: Website name AND URL http://xxxx OR Retrieved December 22, 2020, from (if a retrieval date is required) URL https://xxxx
[Note: omit the website name if the author and website name are the same.]
Provide a retrieval date if the online information source you viewed is likely or designed to change over time (p. 290), e.g. dictionary entry, Twitter profile, Facebook page. Including this date to indicate that the version of the work you retrieved may be different from the version your readers retrieve.
Source author, Date, title, other relevant elements depending on the reference type. Retrieved Month Date, Year, from URL
When the author and site name are the same, omit the site name from the source.
Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Webpage title. Website name. URL
Martin Lillie, C. M. (2016, December 29). Be kind to yourself: How self compassion can improve your resiliency. Mayo Clinic. https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/adult-health/in-depth/self-compassion-can-improve-your-resiliency/art-20267193
Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial or name of group (n.d.). Webpage title. Other relevant elements depending on the reference type. URL
Royal Institute of British Architects. (n.d.). Shaping the future: Careers in architecture. http://ww.careersinarchitecture.net/
Use this format for articles published in online news sources (e.g., BBC News, ABC News, Bloomberg, CNN, Huffington Post, Reuters, Vox).
Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year, Month Day).Webpage/Article title. Site name. URL
Avramova, N. (2019, January 3). The secret to a long, happy, healthy life?
Think age-positive. CNN. https://www.cnn.com/2019/01/03/health/
Campbell, E. (2020, February 18). Germany is shutting down its coal industry
or good, so far without sacking a single worker. ABC News.
Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Last update or copyright date;
if not known, put n.d.). Article title. Newsletter title, number [if available].
URL of specific document
Gordon, R. (2010). The passage of trauma through life. ACCSA Aware, 24.
Southern Cross University: First regional training in osteopathy. (2009,
October). Discover SCU.
See 'No author' tab in the Citing in text - author variations box, on the Citing in text page, for an example of an in-text citation.
Title. (Year, Month Day). In Wikipedia. URL
List of oldest companies. (2019, January 13). In Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_oldest_companies&oldid=878158138
If a resource contains no page numbers, provide readers with another way of locating the quoted passage. Any of the below are acceptable ways to cite specific parts of a source:
Note: if you cite a particular section of a webpage or website in the text, the reference list entry should be for the page you used, not for only that section of the page.
[Tip: for journal articles in html format (with no page numbers), check to see if the article is available elsewhere as a PDF (portable document format), as this format usually includes page numbers.]