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APA 7th Referencing Guide

Webpages or websites

Website

When referring to a website in general (ie. the homepage or default webpage that loads when you visit a web address that only contains a domain name), include the name of the website in the text and provide the URL in parentheses. No in-text citation or reference list entry is necessary.

For example

This survey was created using Survey Monkey (https://www.surveymonkey.com/).

Webpage

Only use webpage if no other reference type fits, and the work has no parent or over-reaching publication other than the website itself.

If you cite multiple webpages from a website, create a reference for each. 

Elements of the reference
Group author or Individual author(s) - last name, initial(s). (Date - in the format: Year OR Year, Month OR Year, Month, Day). Title of page - italicised. Website name. (Retrieved Month Day, Year, from - if retrieval date required) URL

[Note: omit the website name if the author and website name are the same.]

  • Do not use the copyright date on the webpage as the publication date for specific content/documents on that site.
  • Only use the copyright date if you can be sure that it applies to the content you are citing.
  • If multiple dates are provided, use the most recent date on which the content was changed (or updated/revised). A review date should not be used, as this implies that the information was not changed. 
  • If no separate date of publication is indicated for the work on a webpage, treat the work as having no date.

Webpage within website - individual author

Elements of the reference
Author(s) of page – last name, initial(s) - use & for multiple authors. (Year, Month Day - if available). Title of page - italicised. Website Name. URL
In-text citation

(Rackham, 2021) OR Rackham (2021) mentioned that ....

Reference list
  • Note: If there is no date or no month, these can be left out eg. Rackham, M. (2021). OR Rackham, M. (2021, September).
Rackham, M. (2021, September 3). Barbara Hanrahan: An Australian feminist artist you need to know. The Conversation. https://theconversation.com/barbara-hanrahan-an-australian-feminist-artist-you-need-to-know-166664
Endnote reference type
Web Page - add Month Day to Last Update Date field if needed.

Webpage within website - group author

Elements of the reference
Group author. (Year, Month Day - if available). Title of page - italicised. Website Name - if needed. URL

[Note: omit the website name if the author and website name are the same.]

In-text citation

(Mayo Clinic, 2020) OR Mayo Clinic (2020) stated that ....

Reference list
  • Note: If there is no date or no month, these can be left out eg. Mayo Clinic. (2020) OR Mayo Clinic. (2020, November).
Mayo Clinic. (2020, November 17). Hamstring injury. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hamstring-injury/symptoms-causes/syc-20372985
Endnote reference type
Web Page - add Month Day to Last Update Date field if needed.

Webpage within website - no date

Elements of the reference
Group author or Individual author(s) - last name, initial(s). (n.d.). Title of page - italicised. Website Name - if needed. URL

[Note: omit the website name if the author and website name are the same.]

In-text citation
(Royal Institute of British Architects, n.d.) OR According to the Royal Institute of British Architects (n.d.) ...
Reference list 
Royal Institute of British Architects. (n.d.). Shaping the future: Careers in architecture. http://ww.careersinarchitecture.net/
Endnote reference type
Web Page

Webpage with a retrieval date

  • If the information on the page/site is likely or designed to change over time (e.g. dictionary entry, Twitter profile, Facebook page), and there is no archived version available, provide a retrieval date.
Elements of the reference
Group author or Individual author(s) - last name, initial(s) - use & for multiple authors. (Year, Month Day - if available). Title of page - italicised. Other relevant elements depending on the reference type. Retrieved Month Date, Year, from URL
In-text citation
(U.S. Census Bureau, n.d.)
Reference list
U.S. Census Bureau. (n.d.). U.S. and world population clock. U.S. Department of Commerce. Retrieved July 3, 2019, from https://www.census.gov/popclock/
Endnote reference type
Web Page

Blog post

Elements of the reference
Author(s) - last name, initial(s). (Year, Month Day). Title of post. Blog Name - italicised. URL
In-text citation
(Conaboy, 2021) OR Conaboy (2021) stated that ....
Reference list
Conaboy, K. (2021, September 11). Miranda Kerr has always wanted a bathtub in her bedroom. Gawker. https://www.gawker.com/celebrity/miranda-kerr-has-always-wanted-a-bathtub-in-her-bedroom
Endnote reference type
Blog

Wikipedia

Elements of the reference
Title of entry. (Year, Month Date or n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved Month Date, Year - if needed, URL
In-text citation
("Psychology", 2021) OR "Psychology" (2021)
Reference list
  • Use archived version (click on "View History" to check). Include listed date in (Year, Month Date) section.

  • If no archived version available, use n.d. in (Year) and include Retrieved information (as below)

Archived Version Available:

Psychology. (2021, September 6). In Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychology

No Archived Version:

Psychology. (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved March 20, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychology
Endnote reference type

Archived Version:

Electronic book section

No Archived Version:

Dictionary