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APA 7th Referencing Guide

Film or movie

Elements of the reference
Director(s) - or similar eg. Executive Producer - last name, initial(s) - use & for multiple names [Descriptor - eg. Director or Producer]. (Year). Title of film or movie - italicised [Film; list details of format eg. two disc special edition - if needed]. Production Company. URL - if available
In-text citation
(Gameau, 2015)  OR Gameau (2015)
Reference list
Gameau, D. [Director]. (2015). That sugar film [Film]. Madman Entertainment.
Scott, R. [Director]. (2006). Blade runner [Film; director's cut on DVD]. Roadshow.
EndNote reference type
Film or broadcast - as last step, convert to plain text. Add [Director] as needed.

Film or video in another language

  • Include a translation of the film title in square brackets.
Elements of the reference
Director(s) - last name, initial(s). [Descriptor eg. Director]. (Year). Title of work in original language - italicised [Translation of the title] [Type of work]. Production Company. URL - if available
In-text citation
(Malle, 1987)  OR Malle (1987)
Reference list
Malle, L. (Director). (1987). Au revoir les enfants [Goodbye children] [Film]. Nouvelles Editions de Films.
EndNote reference type
Film or broadcast - As last step, convert to plain text. Add [Translation of title] and [Director] as needed.

Television series

Elements of the reference
Executive Producer(s) - last name, initial(s). [Executive Producer(s)]. (Years - it aired, use present if still airing). Title - italicised [TV series]. Production Compan(ies); Broadcaster Name.
In-text citation
(Benioff et al., 2009-2011) OR Benioff et al. (2009-2011)
Reference list
Benioff, D., Casady, G., Doelger, F., Gerardis, V., & Weiss, D. B. [Executive Producers]. (2011–2019). Game of thrones [TV series]. Television 360; Grok! Studio; Generator Entertainment; Bighead Littlehead; Home Box Office.
EndNote reference type
Audiovisual material - as last step, convert to plain text. Add [Executive Producers] as needed.

Episode from television series or webisode

Elements of the reference
Episode writer(s) - last name, initial(s). [Writer] & Director - last name, initial(s). [Director]. (Year, Month Day). Title of television series episode (Season ..., Episode ...) [Television series episode]. In Executive producer - inital(s), last name [Executive producer(s)], Television series name - italicised. Production Companies - use ; to separate multiples.
In-text citation
(Writer's last name & Director's last name, Year)
(Rappaport & Dubin, 1983) OR Rappaport and Dubin (1983) found that ....
Reference list
Rappaport, J. [Writer] & Dubin, C. S. [Director]. (1983, January 24). Say no more (Season 11, Episode 12) [Television series episode]. In B. Metcalfe [Executive producer], M*A*S*H. 20th Century Fox Television; CBS.
EndNote reference type
Television episode - as last step, convert to plain text. Add [Director], [Writer], [Executive producer] as needed.