An indirect citation or secondary source is when the ideas of one author are published in another author’s text but you have not read or accessed the original author’s work.
- Include both the original author and year and the author and year of the work where quote/idea was found in the in-text reference.
- Add "as cited in" before the author in the in-text reference. For example - (Harris, 2009, as cited in Lewis, 2019).
- In the reference list, provide the details of the work in which you found the quotation or idea.