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Harvard Referencing Style

Websites

The format is for citing a web page in a website. The in-text citation includes the name of the author or authoring body, editor or compiler and the date on which the page of document was created or last revised/updated.
 
 General Format 
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Author Surname Year)
 
References:
Author Surname, Initial(s) Year (page created or revised), Title of page, Publisher (if applicable), viewed Day Month Year, <URL>.
  
Example
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Beard 2006)
 
References:
Beard, M 2006, The fall of the Roman Republic, viewed 30 January 2011, <http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/romans/
fallofromanrepublic_article_01.shtml>.
 General Format 
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Organisational name Year)
(Organisational name Year, page number)
  
References:
Organisational name Year (page created or revised), Title of specific document, Publisher (if applicable), viewed Day Month Year, <URL>.
  
Example
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Attorney-General's Department 1998)
(Attorney-General's Department 1998, p. 10)
 
References:
Attorney-General's Department 1998, Review of the Commonwealth's 'Acts Interpretation Act 1901', viewed 1 October 1999, <http://www.law.gov.au>.
The format is for citing a document such as a PDF file in a web site or a report form an institution. The in-text citation includes the name of the author or authoring body, editor or compiler and the date on which the page of document was created or last revised.
 
 General Format 
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Author Surname Year)
 
References:
Author Surname, Initial/s Year, Title of specific document, Publisher if applicable, viewed Day Month Year, <URL of specific document>.
 
Example 1  PDF document from a web site
 
In-Text Citation: 

(D’Amato, Henderson & Florence 2009)
(D’Amato, Henderson & Florence 2009, p. 32)

References:
D’Amato, A, Henderson, S & Florence, S 2009, Corporate social responsibility and sustainable business: a guide to leadership tasks and functions, Centre for Creative Leadership, viewed 22 January 2015, <http://insights.ccl.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/CorporateSocialResponsibility.pdf>.
  
Example 2  A report from an institution
 
In-Text Citation: 

(Gabriel et al. 2010)
(Gabriel et al. 2013, p. 24)

 
References:

Gabriel, M, Watson, P, Ong, R, Wood, G & Wulff, M 2010, The environmental sustainability of Australia’s private rental housing stock, AHURI Position Paper no. 125, Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute, viewed 25 May 2015, <https://www.ahuri.edu.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0023/2894/
AHURI_Positioning_Paper_No125_The-environmental-sustainability-of-Australias-private-rental-housing-stock.pdf>.

When a web page has no identifiable author, cite in the text the first few words of the reference list entry, usually the title and the year, note the title of the web page is italicised. 

 General Format 
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Title Year)
 
References:
Title of web page or document Year, Publisher (if applicable), viewed Day Month Year, <URL>.
  
Example
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Investment scams 2016)
 
References:
Investment scams 2016, ASIC’s Money Smart, viewed 31 May 2016, <https://www.moneysmart.gov.au/scams/investment-scams>.
If the publication date of a web page or document is un-identifiable,  cite it using n.d. (no date).
 
 General Format 
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Author n.d.)
 
References:
Author n.d., Title of specific document, viewed Day Month Year, <URL of specific document>.
  
Example
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Royal Institute of British Architects n.d.)
 
References:
Royal Institute of British Architects n.d., Shaping the future: careers in architecture, viewed 31 May 2005, <http://ww.careersinarchitecture.net>.
General Format 
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Author Surname Year)
     
References:
Author Surname, Initial(s) Year, Title of blog, format, viewed Day Month Year, <URL>.  
  
Example
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Strong 2016)
 
References:

Strong, F 2016, Sword and the script, blog, viewed 23 July 2016,
<http://www.swordandthescript.com/>.

General Format 
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Author Surname Year)
     
References:
Author Surname, Initial(s) Year, 'Title of specific post', Blog name, blog post, viewed Day Month Year, <URL>.  
  
Example
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Hagon 2009)
 
References:
Hagon, P. 2009, 'Immediate sharing', What's New, blog post, viewed 10 January 2009, <http://www.paulhagon.com/ blog/2009/09/27/immediate-sharing/>.
General Format 
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Author name Year)
     
References:
Author name, Initial(s) Year, 'The first few words of the post, [...]', facebook post, Day Month, viewed Day Month Year, <URL>.  
  
Example
 
In-Text Citation: 
(World Bank 2016)
 
References:
World Bank 2016, ‘How would you convince business owners to pay taxes?  […]’, facebook post, 18 June, viewed 28 June 2016, <https://www.facebook.com/worldbank/?fref=nf>.
General Format 
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Author name n.d.)
     
References:
Author name, Initial(s) n.d., Title, facebook page, viewed Day Month Year, <URL>.  
  
Example
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Smith n.d.)
 
References:
Smith, J n.d., Timeline, facebook page, viewed 17 August 2018, <https://www.facebook.com/john.smith12/>.
General Format 
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Author name Year)
     
References:
Author name, Initial(s) Year, Title of image (or a description), description of image type ( i.e. photograph, cartoon, digital image of painting, etc), viewed Day Month Year, <URL>.  
  
Example
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Wu 2009)
 
References:
Wu, T 2009, Whale trapped in fishing line, photograph, viewed 22 December 2017, <http://wetpixel.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=319910>.
General Format 
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Author Surname OR Short title Year)
(Author Surname OR Short title Year, page or paragraph number [if available])
 
References:
Author Surname, initial Year, 'Title of post', Title of Wiki, viewed Day Month Year, <URL>.
'Title of post' Year, Title of Wiki, viewed Day,Month, Year, <URL>.
  
Example
 
In-Text Citation: 

(Roussel 2008)

(Cultural issues 2007)
(Cultural issues 2007, para. 2)
 
References:
Roussel, S 2008, Sustainability indicators, Coastal Wiki, viewed 25 May 2013, <http://www.coastalwiki.org/wiki/Sustainability_indicators>.
 
'Cultural issues affecting international trade' 2007, Wikiversity, viewed 27 October 2009, <http://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/ Cultural_Issues_Affecting_International_Trade>.
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Long URLs

If the URL of a web page is extremely long and difficult to list in your reference list, you may do the following (make sure this is OK with your lecturer):

1.    Try to break the URL for line break at slash marks whenever possible.

2.    Give the URL of the home page of the report or document as long as the website has a search facility.

Harvard referencing guide - PDF version

How to videos

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About citing websites

Basic elements you need to reference a web page / document

  • Author (person or organization)
  • Year (or most recent date page created or revised) 
  • Title of the page or document
  • Publisher or the name of the sponsor of the page (if applicable)
  • Date viewed (Day Month Year)
  • URL <either full location details or just the main site details if the URL is too long>.

For web pages with no date, no author and other online sources, see the specific examples at the page. For sources with multiple authors, see the relevant examples on author variations in the Citing in text section.

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