The reference list should identify an item (e.g. book, journal article, DVD, report, web document etc.) in enough details so that others can locate and consult it. The general layout for a Reference List is outlined below:
The 2-em rule
The 2-em rule is used to avoid repeating an author's name when more than one work by the same author is listed in the reference list (Style manual 2002, p. 107):
Campbell, JY & Shiller, RJ 1987, 'Cointegration and tests of present value
models', Journal of political economy, vol. 95, no.5, pp. 1062-88.
—— 1988a, 'The dividend-price ratio and expectations of future dividends
and discount factors', Review of financial studies, vol. 1, no. 3,
—— 1988b, 'Stock prices, earnings, and expected dividends', The Journal
of Finance, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 661-76.
—— 1991, 'Yield spreads and interest rate movements: a bird's eye view',
The Review of Economic Studies, vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 495-514.
This is a sample references list in Harvard style, The format of reference list for your specific assessment tasks may differ from the sample - please follow the instructions from your lecturers.
References or bibliography usually appear at the end of your article, essay or document. However, do you know which heading you use?
References – a list of all the references you cited in your essay, report or document. This is the heading required by the Harvard style.
Bibliography – most commonly refers to a list containing the sources used in developing a publication and any other sources the author considers might be of use or interests to readers, or including all the sources you read (but not cited) in preparing the article/essay/document. This heading may be used in more substantial publications (e.g. theses, books, etc.).