Skip to main content

Harvard Referencing Style

Secondary sources (citation within citation)

Sometimes an author writes about research that someone else has done, but you are unable to track down the original research document. In this case, only include the source you did consult in your references because you did not read the original document. Use the words 'cited in' in the in-text citation to indicate you have not read the original research.

In the list of references, record the publication you actually sourced.

General Format 
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Author Surname, cited in Author Surname Year)
     
References:
Reference the work of the author who has done the citing.
 
Example 1 Book
 

In-Text Citation: 

(Fong, cited in Bertram 1997) 

Fong’s 1987 study (cited in Bertram 1997) found that older students’ memory can be as good as that of young people, but this depends on how memory is tested.
 
References:
Bertram, F 1997, The tragedy of youth, 2nd edn, Macmillan, New York.
Do not include Fong (1987) in your reference list but do include Bertram (1997).


Example 2  Journal article 

In-Text Citation: 

David Miller’s simple definition of social justice (cited in Lister 2007) …

References:

Lister, R 2007, 'Social justice: meanings and politics', Benefits, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 113-25.

Harvard referencing guide - PDF version

SCU SCU Library on Facebook SCU Library on Twitter SCU Library Instagram SCU Library SoundCloud