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Harvard Referencing Style

Journal, magazine and newspaper articles

Print or electronic – use the print format to cite journal articles from print, electronic journals and databases. Use the electronic format to cite articles found in the Web from free online journals.   

General Format 

In-Text Citation: 
(Author Surname Year)
(Author Surname Year, page number)
 
References:
Author Surname, Initial(s) Year, 'Article title', Journal Title, volume, issue or number, page range.
Author Surname, Initial(s) Year, 'Article title', Journal Title, volume, issue or number, page range (if available), viewed Day Month Year, <URL>.
    
Example 1 - Print
 
In-Text Citation:
(Smith 2011)
(Smith 2011, p. 13)
 
References:
Smith, J 2011, 'Agency and female teachers' career decisions: a life history study of 40 women', Educational Management Administration & Leadership, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 7-24.


Example 2 - Electronic article

In-Text Citation:
(Gruenwald 2013)
(Gruenwald 2013, p. 43)
 
References:

Gruenwald, RK 2013, 'Entrepreneurship challenges in high-growth companies and consequences for SME policy', Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 41-54, viewed 10 June 2015, <http://eber.uek.krakow.pl/index.php/eber/article/view/4>.

Print or electronic – use the print format to cite articles from print or electronic journals and databases. Use the electronic format to cite articles found in the Web from free online journals.
 
General Format 
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Author Surname & Author Surname Year)
(Author Surname & Author Surname Year, page number)
 
Note: When authors’ names are incorporated into the text, use ‘and’ instead of the ampersand.
Author Surname and Author Surname (Year) ...
(Author Surname and Author Surname (Year, page number) ...
 
References:
Author Surname, Initial(s) & Author Surname, Initial(s) Year, 'Article title', Journal Title, volume, issue or number, page range.
Author Surname, Initial(s) & Author Surname, Initial(s) Year, 'Article title', Journal Title, volume, issue or number, page range, viewed Day Month Year, <URL>.
    
Example 1 - Print
 
In-Text Citation :
(Dalton & Chrobot-Mason 2007)
(Dalton & Chrobot-Mason 2007, p. 179)
 
Dalton and Chrobot-Mason (2007) ...
Dalton and Chrobot-Mason (2007, p. 179) ...
 
References:
Dalton, M & Chrobot-Mason, D 2007, 'A theoretical exploration of manager and employee social identity, cultural values and identity conflict management', International Journal of Cross Cultural Management, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 169-83.


Example 2 - Electronic

In-Text Citation:
(Joharishirazi & Chehelmard 2015)
 
Joharishirazi and Chehelmard (2015) ...
 
References:

Joharishirazi, M & Chehelmard, D 2015, 'Study of the impact of knowledge deployment and appetite for change on work', Journal of Accounting & Marketing, vol. 4, no. 1, viewed 1 October 2015, <http://www.omicsgroup.org/journals/accounting-marketing-abstract.php?abstract_id=46154>.

Print or electronic – use the print format to cite articles from print or electronic journals and databases. Use the electronic format to cite articles found in the Web from free online journals.
 
General Format 
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Author Surname, Author Surname & Author Surname Year)
(Author Surname, Author Surname & Author Surname Year, page number)
 
When authors’ names are incorporated into the text, use ‘and’ instead of the ampersand:
Author Surname, Author Surname and Author Surname (Year) ...
Author Surname, Author Surname and Author Surname (Year, page number) ...
 
References:
Author Surname, Initial(s), Author Surname, Initial(s) & Author Surname, Initial(s) Year, 'Article title', Journal Title, volume, issue or number, page range.
Author Surname, Initial(s), Author Surname, Initial(s) & Author Surname, Initial(s) Year, 'Article title', Journal Title, volume, issue or number, page range, viewed Day Month Year, <URL>.
    
Example 1
 
In-Text Citation :
(Tetlock, Saar-Tsechansky & Macskassy 2008)
(Tetlock, Saar-Tsechansky & Macskassy 2008, p. 1438)
 
Tetlock, Saar-Tsechansky and Macskassy (2008) ...
Tetlock, Saar-Tsechansky and Macskassy (2008, p. 1438) ...
 
References:
Tetlock, PC, Saar-Tsechansky, M & Macskassy, S 2008, 'More than words: quantifying language to measure firms' fundamentals', The Journal of Finance, vol. 63, no. 3, pp. 1437-67.


Example 2 - Electronic

In-Text Citation:
(Koutra, Thespol & Ngugi 2015)
 
Koutra, Thespol and Ngugi (2015) found that ...
 
References:

Koutra, C, Thespol, M & Ngugi, IK 2015, 'The Role of branding, promotion and sub-culture in the consumption of breakfast cereals in Thailand', Journal of Hotel & Business Management, vol. 4, no. 1, viewed 28 October 2016, <https://www.omicsgroup.org/journals/the-role-of-branding-promotion-and-subculture-in-the-consumption-ofbreakfast-cereals-in-thailand-2169-0286-1000113.php?aid=57125>.

Print or electronic – use the print format to cite articles from print or electronic journals and databases. Use the electronic format to cite articles found in the Web from free online journals.
 
General Format 
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Surname of the first listed author et al. Year)
(Surname of the first listed author et al. Year, page number)
 
References:

Author Surname, Initial(s), Author Surname, Initial(s), Author Surname, Initial(s) & Author Surname, Initial(s) Year, 'Article title', Journal Title, volume, number or issue, page range.

Author Surname, Initial(s), Author Surname, Initial(s), Author Surname, Initial(s) & Author Surname, Initial(s) Year, 'Article title', Journal Title, volume, number or issue, page range, viewed Day Month Year, <URL>.

Note: The names of all authors should be provided in the reference list (do not use et al).  

    
Example 1 - Print
 
In-Text Citation: 
(James et al. 2009)
(James et al. 2009, p. 249)
 
References:
James, KR, Hart, BT, Bailey, PCE & Blinn, DW 2009, 'Impact of secondary salinisation on freshwater ecosystems: effect of experimentally increased salinity on an intermittent floodplain wetland', Marine and Freshwater Research, vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 246-58.

Example 2 - Electronic
 
In-Text Citation:
(Salleh et al. 2008)
(Salleh et al. 2008, p. 352)
 
References:

Salleh, NHM, Siong-Hook, L, Ramachandran, S, Shuib, A & Noor, ZM 2008, 'Asian tourism demand for Malaysia: a bound test approach', Contemporary Management Research, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 351-368, viewed 12 October 2014, <http://www.cmr-journal.org/article/viewArticle/1178>.

  

DOIs ((digital object identifiers) are not essentail in Harvard referencing style if you have the full bibliographic details for a journal article (i.e. volume/issue/page numbers). However you must provide the DOI if your lecturer specifically requires you to do so, or if you are citing an article which is published online only without volume/issue/page numbers. Note the different formats of DOI (Pre-2011 or Current) placed at the end of a reference in the examples below.

General Format 
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Author Surname Year)
(Author Surname Year, page number)
 
References:
DOI string (pre-2011 format)
Author Surname, Initial(s) Year, 'Article title', Journal Title, volume (if available), issue or number (if available), page range (if available), doi: 10.xxxx/xxxxxxxxxxxx..
 
DOI link (current format)
Author Surname, Initial(s) Year, 'Article title', Journal Title, volume (if available), issue or number (if available), page range (if available), http://dx.doi.org/xxxxxxxx.
    
Example 1 - DOI string (pre-2011 format)
 
In-Text Citation: 

(Iverson & Deery 1997)
(Iverson & Deery 1997,  p. 75)

References:

Iverson, RD & Deery, M 1997, 'Turnover culture in the hospitality industry', Human Resource Management Journal, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 71-82, doi: 10.1111/j.1748-8583.1997.tb00290.x.


Example 2 - DOI link (current format)
 
In-Text Citation:

(Flores et al. 2019)

References:

Flores, LY, Martinez, LD, McGillen, GG & Milord, J 2019, 'Something old and something new: future directions in vocational research with people of color in the United States', Journal of Career Assessment, https://doi.org/10.1177/1069072718822461.

  
Note that the full title of journals/magazines - not abbreviated titles - must be used in references for articles.
 
General Format 
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Author Surname Year)
(Author Surname Year, page number)
 
References:
Author Surname, Initial(s) Year, 'Article title', Magazine Title, Day Month, page range.
 
Author Surname, Initial(s) Year, 'Article title', Magazine Title, Day Month, page range. viewed Day Month Year, <URL of magazine home page [if viewed online]>.
    
Example 1 - Print
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Rick & Erlandson 2009)
(Rick & Erlandson 2009, p. 952)
 
References:
Rick, TC & Erlandson, JM 2009, 'Coastal exploitation', Science, 21 August, pp. 952-953.


Example 2 - Online

In-Text Citation: 
(Kuttner 2003)
(Kuttner 2003, p. 26)
 
References:
Kuttner, R 2003, 'The great American pension-fund robbery', Business Week, 8 September, pp. 24-26, viewed 20 Janurary 2012, <http://www.businessweek.com/>.
General Format 
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Author Surname Year)
(Author Surname Year, page number)
 
References:
Author Surname, Initial(s) Year, 'Article title', Newspaper Title, Day, Month, page range.
Author Surname, Initial(s) Year, 'Article title', Newspaper Title, Day, Month, page range, viewed Day Month Year, <URL>.
 
Note - Newspaper article without an author

If the author of a newspaper article is not obvious, provide all the details in the in-text citation:

 (Sydney Morning Herald 24 January 2000, p.12)

… in the Sydney Morning Herald (24 January 2000, p.12).

In this case there is no need for an entry in the reference list.

    
Example 1 - Print
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Browne 2010)
(Browne 2010, p. 45)
 
References:
Browne, R 2010, 'This brainless patient is no dummy', Sydney Morning Herald, 21 March, p. 45.


Example
2- Online

In-Text Citation:
(Puvanenthiran 2016)
 
References:

Puvanenthiran, B 2016, 'Holographic creation company gets boost from Alibaba's investment arm', Sydney Morning Herald,  28 September, viewed 08 January 2017, <http://www.smh.com.au/small-business/startup/holographic-creation-company-gets-boost-from-alibabas-investment-arm-20160927-grphjz.html>.

General Format 

 
In-Text Citation: 
(Article title Year)
 
References:
'Article title' Year, Newspaper Title, Day, Month, viewed Date Month Year, <URL>.
    
Example
 
In-Text Citation: 
Footage captured by drone provides a new perspective on the ‘Rock’ (‘Uluru like you never seen it’ 2016).
 
References:

‘Uluru like you’ve never seen it’ 2016, The Daily Telegraph, 29 August, viewed 31 August 2016,
<http://www.dailytelegraph.com.au/news/nsw/voyages-indigenous-tourism-australia-releases-drone-footage-over-uluru/news-story/e33604c8e87a4d01a751a30c2e961ed0>.

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About citing journal articles

Basic elements needed to reference a journal article:

  • Author
  • Year of publication
  • Title of the article
  • Journal title
  • Volume
  • Issue number
  • Page ranges of the article

For articles with multiple authors, articles from magazines, newspapers and other variations, see the specific examples at this page.

Harvard referencing guide - PDF version

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