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Harvard Referencing Style

Other sources

General Format - Annual report
 
In-Text Citation : 
(Corporate author Year)
(Corporate author Year, page)
 
References:
Corporate Author, Year, Full title of annual report, Publisher, Place of Publication.
Corporate Author, Year, Full title of annual report, viewed Day Month Year,  <URL>.
    
Example 1 - Print
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Tabcorp 2012)
(Tabcorp 2012, p. 2)  
 
References:

Tabcorp 2012, Annual report 2012, Tabcorp Holdings Limited, Melbourne.

 
Example 2 - electronic
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Woolworths Limited 2015)
(Woolworths Limited, p. 12)
 
References:
Woolworths Limited 2015, Annual report 2015, viewed 10 December 2015,  <http://www.woolworthslimited.com.au/ annualreport/2015/files/Woolworths_AR_2015.pdf>.
 
This format is for citing booklets, brochures, pamphlets and fact sheets, try to include as many reference details as you can locate from the publication.
 
 General Format 
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Author name Year)
(Author name Year, page number)
 
References:

Author name Year, Title, Publisher, Place of Publication.

  
Example
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Southern Cross University 2008)
(Southern Cross University 2008, p. 2)
 
References:
Southern Cross University 2008. Copyright and you: a guide for staff, Southern Cross University, Lismore, NSW.
Use this format to cite a company report, a company profile or an industry report from databases such as DataAnalysis, Factiva, Business Source Premier, etc.
 
General Format 
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Author Surname Year)
(Author Surname Year, Page number)
 
References:
Author Surname, Initial(s), Year, Report title, viewed Day Month Year, Database name.
    
Example 1 - company report  from a database
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Datamonitor 2010)
(Datamonitor 2010, p. 13)
 
References:
Datamonitor 2010, Rio Tinto SWOT analysis, viewed 20 January 2012, Business Source Premier, EBSCOhost.

 

Example 2 - IBISWorld report
 

IBISWorld report identifies the analyst who prepared the report, cite a IBISWorld report as per example below:

In-Text Citation:
(Stephen 2012)
(Stephen 2012, p. 24)

References:
Stephen, T 2012, IBISWorld Industry Report L7714. Retail Property Operators in Australia, viewed 20 January 2013, IBISWorld.
 
This format would be used to cite financial data, share price charts etc located in databases, or online financial data providers.
 
General Format 
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Title Year)
 
References:
Title Year, Name of database, viewed Day Month Year.
Title Year, Name of online data provider, viewed Day Month Year, <URL>.
    
Example 1 - data from a database
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Commonwealth Bank of Australia 2015)
 
References:
Commonwealth Bank of Australia  2011-2015 annual  income statement 2015,  Factiva, viewed 20 January 2016.


Example 2 - share price chart from an online website
 

In-Text Citation: 
(ANZ banking Group Ltd  2015)
 
References:
ANZ Banking Group Ltd (ANZ.AX) historical share price 2015, Yahoo! 7 Finance, viewed 6 August 2015, < https://au.finance.yahoo.com/q/hp?s=ANZ.AX>.
 

General Format - map

In-Text Citation: 
(Author name Year)
 
References:
Author name, Initial(s) Year, Map title, Publisher, Place of Publication.
    
Example
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Department of Lands, NSW 2004)
 
References:
Department of Lands, NSW 2004, Topographic & orthophoto map 1:25,000. 9537-3N, New South Wales, 3rd edn, Dept. of Lands, Bathurst, NSW.
 
General Format 
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Author Surname Year)
References:
Author Surname, Initial(s), Year. Medial release title, Publisher place if applicable,  viewed Day Month Year, <URL>.
    
Example
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Morrison 2015)
 
References:
Morrison, S (Treasurer of the Commonwealth of Australia) 2015, Tax and business incentives to boost economic growth & jobs, media release, 7 December, Parliament House, Canberra, viewed 15 December 2010, <http://sjm.ministers.treasury.gov.au/media-release/022-2015/>.

Information gained through conversations, emails, phones calls, faxes, letters, lecture presentations or interviews may be cited as "Personal communications" in text. Details of a personal communication is usually not included in the reference list but it is important to obtain the permission of the person being referred to. Note that that full date (year, day Month) is included in the citation and the initial is placed before the surname.

General Format 

In-Text Citation 
(Initial Surname Year, pers. comm., Day Month)
 
References:
Not included.

Example
 
In-Text Citation: 
 
(J Smith 2008, pers. comm., 2 July )
 
J Smith (2008, pers. comm., 2 July) said ...
  
References:

Not included

Copying or reproducing figures and tables from other sources

Figures (graphs, charts, maps, photographs and other visual images)

If you reproduce figures, images and tables or compile a table using data from other sources (i.e. a book, journal article, report , or web document, cite the sources below the figure or table with a simple heading Source or Sources:

Source: Jenkins (1999, p. 9)
Source: Adapted from Jenkins (1999, p.9).

    
Example - figures
All figures should be numbered with a caption.  Cite the source under the figure.
For example:
References:

Hölzle, K 2010, 'Designing and implementing a career path for project managers', International Journal of Project Management, vol. 28, no. 8, pp. 779-86.

Example - tables

All tables should be clearly numbered with a title. Cite the source under the table.
For example:

Reference list:
Boden, LA, Anderson, GA, Charles, JA, Morgan, KL, Morton, JM, Parkin, TDH, Slocombe, RF & Clarke, AF 2006, 'Risk of fatality and causes of death of Thoroughbred horses associated with racing in Victoria, Australia: 1989–2004', Equine Veterinary Journal, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 312-8.

General Format - standards 
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Institution name Year)
(Institution name Year, page number)
 
References:
Institution name, Year, Standard title, Publisher, Place of Publication.
Institution name, Year, Standard title, viewed date Month Year, SAI Global.
    
Example 1 - print
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Standards Australia International Limited 2004)
(Standards Australia International Limited 2004, p. 5)
 
References:
Standards Australia International Limited 2004, Risk management : AS/NZS 4360:2004, Standards Australia International, Sydney.


Example 2 - Standard from SAI Global database

In-Text Citation: 
(Standards Australia 1999)
 
References:
Standards Australia 1999, Technical product documentation -organization and naming of layers for CAD - concepts, format and codes used in construction documentation, AS 13567.2-1999 (R2013), viewed 11 November 2014, SAI Global.

 

The format here should be used to cite an unpublished thesis. Note the title of the unpublished thesis is not italicised and is placed in quotation marks.
 
Use the format for books if citing a published thesis.
 
 General Format   
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Author Surname Year)
(Author Surname Year, page number)
 
References:
Author Surname of thesis, Initial(s) Year of submission, 'Title of thesis', name of degree, Institution issuing degree, Location of institution.
Author Surname of thesis, Initial(s) Year of submission, 'Title of thesis', name of degree, Institution issuing degree, viewed Day Month Year, <URL>.
 
Example 1 unpublished theses
  
In-Text Citation:
(Sakunasingha 2006)
(Sakunasingha 2006, p. 36)
 
References:
Sakunasingha, B 2006, 'An empirical study into factors influencing the use of value-based management tools', DBA thesis, Southern Cross University, Lismore NSW.
 

 

Example 2 theses online

  
In-Text Citation: 
(Ram 2012)
(Ram 2011, p. 130)
 
References:
Ram, R 2012,  'Development of the International Financial Reporting Standard for Small and Medium-sized Entities', PhD thesis, The University of Sydney, viewed 23 May 2014, <http://hdl.handle.net/2123/8208>.
General Format - books (Latin scripts)
 
In-Text Citation : 
(Author Year)
(Author Year, page number)
 
References:
Author, Year, Title of book in original language (English translation), Publisher, Place of Publication.
Note: Provide English translation in parentheses immediately after the original title. The names of foreign publishers shlould not be translated. Use the anglicised spelling of foreign places of publications, e.g. Rome, not Roma.
    
Example
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Greau 2008)
(Greau 2008, p. 34)  
 
References:
Greau, J 2008, La trahison des économistes (The betrayal of economists), Gallimard, Paris.
 
General Format - Books (East Asian scripts)
 
In-Text Citation : 
(Author Year)
(Author Year, page number)
 
References:
Author (Romanised name), Year, Romanised Title of book and title in original scripts  (English translation), Romanised Publisher name, Anglicised Place of Publication.
Note: Romanise author names and titles into English alphabets so that the sources can be placed in an alphabetical order in the reference list.  Include the original characters immediately after the romanised version of the title they represent,  followed by English translation in parentheses. Romanise the Publisher name and use anglicised place names.
   
Examples
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Hu 2008)
(Hu 2008, p.98)
 
References:
Hu, A 胡鞍钢 2008, Zhongguo: minsheng yu fazhan 中国: 民生与发展 (People's livelihood and development), Zhongguo jingji chuban she 中国经济出版社, Beijing.
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Nishitaya 2014)
(Nishitaya 2014, p. 43)
 
References:
Nishitaya, H 西田谷洋 2014, Fantajī no ideorogī: gendai Nihon anime kenkyū ファンタジーのイデオロギー: 現代日本アニメ研究 (The ideology of the fantasy: contemporary Japan anime studies), Hitsuji Shobō ひつじ書房, Tokyo.
 
General Format - journal articles (Latin scripts)
 
In-Text Citation : 
(Author Year)
(Author Year, page number)
 
References:
Author, Year, 'Title of article in original language' (English translation),  Title of journal in original language, volume, issue or number, page range.
Note: Provide a translation in parentheses immediately after the title of the article. The title of a foreign –language journal should be cited in the original language without translation - to enable interested readers to locate it.
    
Example
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Hohler 2007)
(Hohler 2007, p. 67)
 
References:

Hohler, S 2014, ’Von biodiversität zu biodiversifizierung: eine neue okonomie der natur?’ (From Biodiversity to Biodiversification: a new economy of nature?), Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte,  vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 60–77.

 
General Format - journal articles (East Asian scripts)
 
In-Text Citation : 
(Author Year)
(Author Year, page number)
 
References:
Author (Romanised name) Name in original scripts Year, 'Romanised Title of journal article'  title in original scripts (English translation), Romanised journal title/ Journal title in original scripts, volume, issue or number, page ranges.
Note: Romanise author names and the title of the article into English alphabet. You may include the original characters immediately after the romanized version of the items they represent, and followed by English translation in parentheses. Romanise the journal title .
   
Example
 
In-Text Citation: 
(Pan, Lou & Zhang 2016)
(Pan, Lou & Zhang 2016, p. 25)
 
References:
Pan, W, Lou, Y & Zhang, Y 潘文卿, 娄莹 & 张亚雄 2016, ‘Zhongguo yu dongya ji meiguo de maoyi liuzhuang: kongjian jiegou yu fangui huilu’ 中国与东亚及美国的贸易流转: 空间结构与反馈回路 (Trade transaction flows among China, East Asia and USA: spatial structure and feedback loops, Jingji Xuebao 经济学报, vo.3, no.10, pp. 21-41.
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About citing other sources

For each type of source in this guide, both the general form and an example will be provided.

The following format will be used:

In-Text Citation (Author date) - entry that appears in the body of your paper when you express the ideas of a researcher or author using your own words.

In-Text Citation (Author date, page number) - entry that appears in the body of your paper after a direct quote or when paraphrasing a passage, summarising an idea from a particular page or you want to direct the reader to a specific page.

References - entry that appears at the end of your paper.

Information on citing and some examples were drawn from the AGPS manual (6th ed.)

Harvard referencing guide - PDF version

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