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Law AGLC4 Referencing Guide

Treaties (AGLC4 rule 8)

Footnote - general format
Treaty Title, Parties' Names, opened for signature/signed Date, Treaty Series (entered into force Date) Pinpoint.

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, opened for signature 16 December 1966, 993 UNTS 3 (entered into force 3 January 1976).
Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, opened for signature 23 May 1969, 1155 UNTS 331 (entered into force 27 January 1980). 

Additional tips
  • If the parties' names are included in the treaty title it should be reproduced in the citation exactly as it appears in the title (AGLC4 rule 8.1)
  • Where the authoritative version of a treaty is only available in a language other than English, provide the full title in the original language with a translation in square brackets (AGLC4 rule 8.2)
  • For multilateral treaties with more than three signatories, the names of the parties should not be included after any treaty title (AGLC4 rule 8.2)
  • If the names of the parties to a bilateral or trilateral treaty appear in the title, they should not be repeated after the title (AGLC4 rule 8.2)
  • For treaties not yet in force use '(not yet in force)' instead of the date of entry into force (AGLC4 rule 8.3.3)
  • Citations to a treaty series should be included with an abbreviation for the series name (AGLC4 rule 8.4)

Closed multilateral or bilateral treaties (AGLC4 rule 8.3.2)

Footnote - general format
Treaty Title, signed Date of Conclusion, Treaty Series (entered into force Date).

Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Providing for the Reciprocal Recognition and Enforcement of Judgments in Civil and Commercial Matters, signed 23 August 1990, [1994] ATS 27 (entered into force 1 September 1994).
Agreement Relating to Co-operation on Antitrust Matters, Australia-United States of America, 1369 UNTS 43 (signed and entered into force 29 June 1982).

Additional tips
  • Where the date of conclusion and entry into force are the same, use: (signed and entered into force Date) (AGLC4 rule 8.3.2)
  • If the parties to the treaty are not clear from the title include the parties' names after the title

Reservations or declarations to articles of a treaty (AGLC4 8.5)

Cite the country's instrument of ratification or other document that contains the reservation or declaration.

Footnote - general format

Sale of Goods (United Nations Convention) Act 1995 (Singapore) s 3(2).

Memoranda of Understanding (AGLC4 rule 8.6)

Footnote - general format
MOU Title, Parties' Names, signed Date (Memorandum of Understanding) Pinpoint.

Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Cuba, signed 16 February 2016, s 2 <>.
Memorandum of Understanding between the Republic of Naru and the Commonwealth of Australia, Relating to the Transfer to and Assessment of Persons in Nauru, and Related Issues, signed 29 August 2012.

Additional tips
  • A URL may be included after the first reference to a source if it would help retrieval according to rules 4.4–4.5.
  • Do not include the parties' names if they are included in the title of the MOU.