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Generative AI information for students

Generative Artificial Intelligence (AI) Tools (e.g. ChatGPT)

This advice is as of 12th May, 2023

Generative AI tools can be used to create content such as text, images or music. For more information, read about the use of generative AI tools for your studies on the  Academic Integrity and Turnitin page.

If you have used a generative AI tool in your assessment, you need to acknowledge this use as part of your commitment to academic integrity at SCU. Discuss with your Unit Assessor if you are not sure about how you can use generative AI tools in your studies.

The results of a ChatGPT “chat” are not retrievable by other readers, and nonretrievable data or quotations in APA Style papers are usually cited as personal communications. However, with ChatGPT-generated text there is no person communicating. Quoting or referring to ChatGPT’s text is therefore more like sharing an algorithm’s output and the ‘author’ of the algorithm needs to be credited with a reference list entry and the corresponding in-text citation. 

Because the text response or other output is not retrievable, include it as an appendix, then refer readers to the appendix when you cite the AI generated output. In the appendix, include an acknowledgement statement explaining the generative AI tool (and version) that you used, how you have used the tool and the prompt that generated the specific response. 


When given a follow up prompt of "what is a...?" the ChatGPT-generated text indicated "abc and xyz" (OpenAI, 2023; see Appendix A for the full transcript).

Generative AI tools are an emerging technology, so this advice on how to reference your use of a generative AI tool may change. Keep checking this guide for updated information.

AI generated text

The following examples are adapted from the APA templates for software. 

Elements of the reference
Author of AI model. (Year of AI model used). Name of AI model (Version of AI model used) [Type or description of AI model]. URL 
In-text citation
(Open AI, 2022) OR The prompt to OpenAI (2022) resulted in... 
Reference list
OpenAI. (2022). ChatGPT (Feb 13 version) [Large language model]. 

The full transcript of prompt(s) and response(s) should be included in an appendix or other supplementary material.  

AI generated images

Elements of the reference
Author of AI model. (Year of AI model used). Name of AI model (Version of AI model used) [Type or description of AI model]. URL 
Elements of in-text display:

Figure X

Title (if applicable)


Note. The image was generated by - Name of AI model (Author of AI model, Year) - with the prompt: “Prompt”. 

In-text display:

Figure 1


Note. The image was generated by Midjourney (Midjourney, 2023) with the prompt “Robot holding a flower."

Reference list
Midjourney. (2023). Midjourney (V5) [Text-to-image model].