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Harvard Referencing Style

Audio visual sources

DVD or video

General Format 

In-Text Citation: 
(Author/Producer/Director Surname Year)
 
References:

Author/producer/Director Surname, Initial(s) Year, Title, type of medium, Publisher, Place. 

    
Example
 
In-Text Citation:
(Taylor 2009)
 
References:


Taylor, B 2009, The four P’s marketing strategies, DVD, Video Education Australiasia, Bendigo, VIC.

   

Films

Dates for films, DVD films and videos should be the date of production, not when the video/DVD was published.

In-text citation should include the title and production date.

General Format 

In-Text Citation: 
(Title Year) 
 
References:
Title of film, Year of production, format e.g. DVD, video recording or motion picture, Publisher (or Distributor), Place, add other useful information such as directed by, starring ...
    
Example 1 - DVD film
 
In-Text Citation:
(The man from Snowy River 2004)
 
References:

The man from Snowy River, 2004, DVD, Snowy River Productions, Sydney, directed by George Miller.


Example 2 - Motion picture

In-Text Citation:
(Wall Street 1987)
 
References:

Wall Street 1987, motion picture, American Entertainment Partners & Amercent Films. Distributed by 20th Century Fox, directed by Oliver Stone.

 

Online & Streaming videos

General Format 

In-Text Citation: 
(Author Surname Year)
 
References:
Author Surname, Initial(s) Year, Title of video, online video, Publisher (if applicable), Place of Publication (if applicable),  viewed Day, Month Year, <URL>.
 
Use this format for streaming videos via Streaming services such as Kanopy or ClickView
Author Surname, Initial(s) Year, Title of video, streaming video, Publisher (if applicable), Place of Publication (if applicable),  viewed Day, Month Year, <database or provider>.


Example - online video

In-Text Citation:
(Southern Cross University Library 2018)
 
References:

Southern Cross University Library 2018, Scholarly vs non-scholarly sources, online video, viewed 22 October 2018, <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nqt7M4I-bQM>.

 
Example - streaming video

In-Text Citation:
(Geis, Jhally & Rideout 2013)
 
References:

Geis, K, Jhally, S & Rideout, R 2013, Feeding frenzy: the food industry, obesity and the creation of a health crisis, streaming video, Media Education Foundation, viewed 22 October 2014, <Kanopy database>.

Podcast/vodcast

General Format 

In-Text Citation: 
(Author Surname Year)
 
References:
Author Surname, Initial(s) Year, Title of podcast/vodcast, podcast/vodcast, Publisher (if applicable), Place of Publication (if applicable), viewed Day, Month Year, <URL>.
    
Example
 
In-Text Citation:
(Bragg 2014)
 
References:
Bragg, S 2014, Inventory variances, podcast, viewed 8 March 2015, <http://traffic.libsyn.com/stevebragg/Episode186L.mp3>.

  

TV & Radio Programs

In-text references to television and radio programs should contain the title and year of broadcasting.

For format, use television program or radio program

General Format 

In-Text Citation: 
(Title Year)
 
References:
Title of program Year of broadcasting, format, Broadcasting station, Place, Day and Month of broadcast.
    
Example 1 - Radio program
 
In-Text Citation:
(Search for meaning 1998)
 
References:
The search for meaning 1998, radio program, ABC Radio, Sydney, 24 March.


Example 2 - TV program

In-Text Citation:
(At the coal-face 2015)
 
References:

At the coal-face with an Aussie start-up 2015, television program, ABC Television, Sydney, 4 December.

About citing audio visual sources

For each type of source in this guide, both the general form and an example will be provided.

The following format will be used:

In-Text Citation (Author date) - entry that appears in the body of your paper when you express the ideas of a researcher or author using your own words.

In-Text Citation (Author date, page number) - entry that appears in the body of your paper after a direct quote or when paraphrasing a passage, summarising an idea from a particular page or you want to direct the reader to a specific page.

References - entry that appears at the end of your paper.

Information on citing and some examples were drawn from the AGPS manual (6th ed.).

Harvard referencing guide - PDF version

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