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Archived - APA 6th Edition - SCU Referencing Guide

Government, statistical & technical publications

Government report (online)

Basic elements of a reference for a government report/document:

 

General Format

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

(Department/Agency/Author surname, Year) OR (Department/Agency/Author surname, Year, page or paragraph number [if available])

In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(Department/Agency/Author, Year, page or paragraph number [if available])

References:

Name of Department/Agency/Author. (Year). Title of document: Subtitle (Report No. xxx [if available]). Retrieved from URL of specific document

 

Example 1

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):

(Department of the Environment, 2014)

In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(Department of the Environment, 2014, p. 4)

References:

Department of the Environment. (2014). Diverting legacy waste to alternative waste treatment. Retrieved from http://www.climatechange.gov.au/reducing-carbon/carbon-farming-initiative/methodologies/methodology-determinations/diverting-legacy-waste-aternative-waste-treatment?HTM

 

Example 2

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):

(Queensland Health, 2014)

In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(Queensland Health, 2014, p. 2)

References:

Queensland Health. (2014). Lyssavirus in bats prompts reminder not to touch the animal. Retrieved from http://www.health.qld.gov.au/news/stories/140313-lyssavirus.asp

 

Example 3

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):

(Fraser, 2010)

In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(Fraser, 2010, para. 5)

References:

Fraser, B. (2010). Alternatives to high cost credit. Retrieved from http://www.fairtrading.nsw.gov.au/Factsheet_print/Consumers/-Using_credit/Using_credit_carefully/FTC46_Alternatives_to_high-_cost_credit.pdf

Government report (print)

General Format

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):

(Author Surname OR Name of Department/Agency, Year) OR (Author Surname OR Name of Department/Agency, Year, page number)

In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(Author Surname OR Name of Department/Agency, Year, page number)

References:

Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. OR Name of Department/Agency. (Year). Title: Subtitle (Report No. xxx [if available]). Place of Publication: Publisher.

 

Example - Government department as author, abbreviated name, author as publisher

Note: When the author is also the publisher (as is the case with some Government publications) it is permitted to use "Author" to indicate the publisher.

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase) - first citation:

(Department of Finance and Administration [DOFA], 1999)

Subsequent citations:

(DOFA, 1999)

In-Text Citation (Quotation) - first citation:

(Department of Finance and Administration [DOFA], 1999, p. 5)

Subsequent citations:

(DOFA, 1999, p. 5)

References:

Department of Finance and Administration. (2006). Delivering Australian Government services: Managing multiple channels. Canberra, Australia: Author.

 

Example 2 - Individuals as authors

Note this publication has 6 authors, treat as per a book with multiple authors

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):

(Shannon et al., 1997)

In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(Shannon et al., 1997, p. 2)

References:

Shannon, C., Wakerman, J., Hill, P., Barnes, T., Griew, R., & Ritchie, A. (2003). Achievements in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health: Summary report. Darwin, Australia: Cooperative Research Centre for Aboriginal and Tropical Health.

Australian Bureau of Statistics

General Format 1 - electronic

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):
(Author, Year)
     
In-Text Citation (Quotation):
(Author, Year)
 
References:
Australian Bureau of Statistics. (Year). Title of publication: Subtitle (cat. no. XX). Retrieved from url of specific document

 

Example 1

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

Regional population figures have increased over the last 2 years (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2013).
 
In-Text Citation (Quotation):
(Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2013)
 
References:
Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2013). Regional population growth: Australia, 2011-2012 (cat. no. 3218.0). Retrieved from http://www.abs.gov.au

 

General Format 2 - print

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
(Author, Year)
     
In-Text Citation (Quotation):
(Author, Year)
 
References:
Australian Bureau of Statistics. (Year). Title of publication: Subtitle (cat. no. XX). Place of publication: Publisher.
 
 
Example 2

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

International student visas have decreased in the past 12 months (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2011).

 

Note: When the author is also the publisher (as is the case with ABS publications) it is permitted to use "Author" to indicate the publisher.
 
In-Text Citation (Quotation):
(Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2011)
 
References:
Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2011). Australian social trends: December 2011 (cat. no. 4102.0). Canberra, Australia: Author.

Press release

General Format

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

(Department/Agency/Author surname, Year) OR (Department/Agency/Author surname, Year, page or paragraph number [if available])

In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(Department/Agency/Author, Year, page or paragraph number [if available])

References:

Name of Department/Agency/Author. (Year, month day). Title of document: Subtitle [Press release]. Retrieved from URL of specific document

 

Example

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):

(Department of Health, 2015)

In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(Department of Health, 2015, p. 4)

References:

Department of Health. (2015, August 28). Pregnancy folate reminder [Press release]. Retrieved from http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/mr-yr15-dept-dept006.htm

Technical report

General Format

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

(Department/Agency/Author surname, Year) OR (Department/Agency Author, Year, page or paragraph number [if available])

In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(Department/Agency/Author surname, Year, page or paragraph number [if available])

References (print or online):

Name of Department/Agency/Author. (Year). Title of document: Subtitle (Report No. xxx [if available]). Place of Publication: Publisher. OR Retrieved from URL of specific document

 

Example 1 (Print)

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):

(Murray-Darling Basin Authority, 2005)

In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(Murray-Darling Basin Authority, 2005, p. 4)

References:

Murray-Darling Basin Authority. (2005). Lower Darling reach report (MDBA No. 5). Canberra, Australia: Author.

 

Example 2 (Online)

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):

(Queensland Health, 2014)

In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(Queensland Health, 2014)

References:

Queensland Health. (2014). Lyssavirus in bats prompts reminder not to touch the animal (QH No. 235). Retrieved from http://www.health.qld.gov.au/news/stories/140313-lyssavirus.asp

Standards

General Format

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):

(Author Surname, Year)

(Author Surname, Year, page number)

In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(Author Surname, Year, page number)

References:

Author. (Year). Standard title: Subtitle (Standard number). Retrieved from website

Example - online version

In-Text Citation:

(Standards Australia, 1994)

(Standards Australia, 1994, p. 23)

References:

Standards Australia. (1994). The storage and handling of corrosive substances (AS 3780-1994). Retrieved from http://www.saiglobal.com

Tips

General information

APA Citation Style does not have a separate category for government publications.  According to APA, government documents can be considered Books, Technical/Research Reports, or Brochures.

Treat a government document as a book, report, or brochure.

 If there is a series or report number, include it in parentheses after the title (p. 205).


Information about authors 

If a person is named on the title page, use her or him as author, using the same format for individual authors as elsewhere in this guide. If no person is named, use the government agency, department, or branch as a group author (Ex. 31, p.205).

Give the name of the group author exactly as it appears on the title page. If the branch or agency is not well known, include its higher department first. If the group author is also the publisher, just use the word Author after the location (p. 203).

This style does not require the inclusion of the government jurisdiction (or level) – e.g. Australian Government, State – in the reference; use the department or agency name only. If the name of the State is part of the department name – e.g. Queensland Health – then it should be included.

However, the style does require that the author and publisher (for a printed document) should be recorded as they appeared when the document was published, whether in print or online – not amended to their current title.

The manual refers to the GPO (U.S. Gov. Printing Office). Australian equivalents may be: Productivity Commission, Department of Resources, Energy and Tourism, Australian Government Publishing Service, etc.