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Archived - APA 6th Edition - SCU Referencing Guide

Audio Visual

Motion picture/video/DVD

Tips:

Use the Producer and the Director of a film in the place of the authors.

Dates for films should be the date of first release, not when the video/DVD was published.

Only the film title should be in italics.

The first letter of the first word of a title should be capitalised as should the first letter of the first word of any subtitle. Everything else should be in lower case unless it is a proper noun or an abbreviation that is always written in capitals.

General Format

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):

(Producer Surname & Director Surname, Year)

In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(Producer Surname & Director Surname, Year)

References:

Producer Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Producer), & Director Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Director). (Year). Title of movie [Format e.g. Motion picture or DVD]. Country where movie was produced: Name of Studio.

 

Example - Movie DVD

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase)

(McElroy, Dowling, & Burton, 1994)

In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(McElroy, Dowling, & Burton, 1994)

References:

McElroy, H. (Producer), Dowling, K., & Burton, G. (Directors). (1994). The sum of us [Motion picture]. Australia: Southern Star Entertainment.

 

Example - Instructional DVD

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):

(Cage, 2008)

In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(Cage, 2008)

References:

Cage, K. (Writer). (2008). Time management for university students [DVD]. New Zealand: Massey University.

YouTube video

Helpful tip

If the author's name is not available use the screen name.

General Format

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

(Author Surname OR Screen name, Year)
     
In-Text Citation (Quotation):
(Author Surname OR Screen name, Year)
 
References:
Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. OR Author screen name. (Year, Month Day {of video post}). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from URL of specific video

 

Example

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

(Editage Insights, 2015)
 
In-Text Citation (Quotation):
(Editage Insights, 2015)
 
References:
Editage Insights. (2015, March 20). Language tips to improve academic writing [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CNGBqXQGb7c

 

Video streamed online

Tips:

Use the Producer of the video in the place of the author.

If using a direct quotation from a video, use the time stamp in place of a page number within the in-text citation.

 

General Format

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):

(Producer Surname, Year)

In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(Producer Surname, Year, 00:00)

References:

Producer Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Producer). (Year). Title of video [Format e.g. Streaming video]. Retrieved from URL of streaming host

 

Example - Netflix video

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase)

(Angier, 2011)

In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(Angier, 2011, 16:30)

References:

Angier, J. (Producer). (2011). Saving the ocean [Streaming video]. Retrieved from http://www.netflix.com

Audio podcast

Helpful tip

Indicate the format of the resource in square brackets at the end of the title. If the role of the creator is not obvious, (eg., the producer, director, etc.), indicate the role in brackets after the name.

General Format

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

(Author Surname, Year)

In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(Author Surname, Year)

References:

Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. OR Author screen name. (Producer). (Year, Month Day {of podcast}). Title of podcast [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from URL

 

Example

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

(Van Nuys, 2007)

In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(Van Nuys, 2007)

References:

Van Nuys, D. (Producer). (2007, December 19). Shrink rap radio [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.shrinkrapradio.com/

Song/ music recording

General Format - Single Track on an Album

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

(Writer Surname, Year, track number)

In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(Writer Surname, Year, track number)

References:

Writer Surname, First Initial. Second Initial.  (Copyright Year). Title of song [Recorded by First Initial. Second Initial. Artist Surname, if different from writer]. On Title of Album [Medium of recording: CD, mp3, record, cassette, etc.]. Location: Label [if source is hardcopy]. OR Retrieved from http://xxxxx [if streamed from an online source] (Date of recording if different from song copyright date)

 

Example

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

(Kristofferson, 2006, track 2)

In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(Kristofferson, 2006, track 2)

References:

Kristofferson, K. (2006). Pilgrim's progress. On This Old Road [CD]. Los Angeles, CA: New West Records.

Artwork (viewed in person)

Images in text are also generally accompanied by a caption that includes copyright information and a statement of permission for use. Please check with your instructor to see if this is necessary and follow the instruction in the Figures/Images/Tables tab.

General Format

In-Text Citation:

(Artist Surname, Year)

References:

Artist Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Title of the artwork [Format]. Location: Name of Museum or Gallery.

Example

In-Text Citation:

(Wyeth, 1948)

References:

Wyeth, A. (1948). Christina’s world [Painting]. New York, NY: Museum of Modern Art.

 

Further examples of citing artwork can be found in this APA blog post

Artwork (viewed electronically)

Images in text are also generally accompanied by a caption that includes copyright information and a statement of permission for use. Please check with your instructor to see if this is necessary and follow the instructions in the Figures/Images/Tables tab.

General Format

In-Text Citation:

(Artist Surname, Year)

References:

Artist Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Title of the artwork [Format]. Retrieved from URL

Example

In-Text Citation:

(Di Carpi, 1540)

References:

Di Carpi, G. (1540). The holy family [Image]. Retrieved from http://www.getty.edu/art/collections/objects/o707.html

 

Further examples of citing artwork can be found in this APA blog post